Tips for Proper Sun Exposure

With the arrival of summer, the good rules for correct sun exposure also arrive. They are many and often very specific and despite having the illusion of knowing exactly what it’s, very often instead you don’t have a good knowledge of the right skin defenders or very simply of your phototype. Knowing this information is the basis for a safe and healthy sunbath!

The 3 Rules for Sun Exposure

1. sᴄʜᴇᴅᴜʟᴇ: it’s common knowledge that around noon the sun’s rays arrive more perpendicular and consequently are more aggressive. UVB rays irradiate the earth between 11am and 3pm, but UVA rays are actually constant. As is often repeated, it’s better to stay sheltered from the sun during the central hours of the day.
2. ᴀʟᴛɪᴛᴜᴅᴇ & ʟᴀᴛɪᴛᴜᴅᴇ: these factors are also more important than ever to keep in mind. In the mountains, for example, the sun’s rays travel a shorter distance to reach the skin and therefore it’s easier to burn, but beware of rashes. Every 300 meters of altitude the effect of UVB increases by 4%. Same concept for the rays that reach the earth at right angles, as at the equator.
3. ɢʀᴏᴜɴᴅ: the rays come not only directly from the sun, but also from the glare of the surrounding areas. Snow reflects it at 80%, sand at 20-30% and water at 10-20%. On the contrary, green in general reduces the damaging power of radiation.

esposizione al sole

How to Defend the Skin?

It’s always assumed that putting sunscreen is the only and right way to best protect the skin, but is this really the case? Here are the four defenders always on the front line against the sun’s rays:
1. sᴜɴ sᴄʀᴇᴇɴs: they reflect the rays and protect against them whether they are UVA or UVB. These are covering creams based on ingredients such as: titanium dioxide, zinc oxide or kaolin and magnesium carbonate.
2. ғɪʟᴛᴇʀs: they aren’t to be confused with solar screens, because these don’t reflect the rays, but only change their wavelength. The best known are derivatives of PABA, a B vitamin, and cinnamates found in cinnamon essential oil, styrax and shea butter. Some products that are naturally filtering are aloe gel, chamomile, St. John’s wort and calendula oleolites.
3. ғᴏᴏᴅ sᴜᴘᴘʟᴇᴍᴇɴᴛs: even if you don’t think about it, these are also very important to increase the natural defenses of the skin and to stimulate a light filtering effect of the same. It’s possible to do this with supplements of vitamins A, E, bioflavonoids and beta-carotene. Moreover, all these elements also have an antioxidant action.
4. ʜʏᴅʀᴀᴛɪᴏɴ: water is the skin’s best friend, especially in summer. Drinking it before and after sun exposure is also essential to regulate sweating and because it acts as a light sunscreen by absorbing part of the UVA rays.

Photo by ©Dimitry B & ©Jubéo Hernandez

What Phototype are you?

Understanding exactly which photo you belong to is essential to protect yourself adequately from the sun. How can this be done? By following this simple, but careful guide to avoid mistakes!
1. Light and sensitive skin, almost milky with the probable presence of freckles. Light eyes and hair, doesn’t tan.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: stay in the shade as much as possible, especially between 11am and 3pm. Protect the nape of the neck with an hat, wear suitable clothes and sunglasses must have 100% UV protection. Protect ears, nose and lips particularly well.
2. Light and sensitive skin, sometimes with freckles. Blue or green eyes, blond or light brown hair, tans slowly.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: stay in the shade as much as possible, especially between 11am and 3pm. Protect the nape with an hat and wear suitable clothes. Protect ears, nose and lips particularly well.
3. Moderately fair skin, light or dark eyes, brown or dark blond hair. It tans easily, but slowly.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: stay in the shade, especially between 11am and 3pm. Protect the nape with an hat and wear suitable clothes. Protect ears, nose and lips particularly well.
4. Fairly dark/olive skin, light or dark brown eyes, black or dark brown hair. It tans easily.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: wear hat and sunglasses. Protect your lips and neck well, especially at the sea or in the mountains.
5. Black/olive-brown skin, brown eyes, black hair. It tans intensely.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: wear hat and sunglasses. Protect your lips and neck well, especially at the sea or in the mountains.
6. Dark or black skin, black or dark brown eyes, black hair.
ᴀᴅᴠɪᴄᴇ: wear a hat and sunglasses. Protect your lips and neck well, especially at the sea or in the mountains. Exposed to the sun after a prolonged period without sun, even black skin can suffer from sunburn.

Photo by ©Amelia Barklid

Practical Tips

On average, for a healthy person, 20 minutes a day, possibly in the sun, are enough to take the right amount of Vitamin D. It’s activated when we expose ourselves to sunlight, which we must remember that it’s also present when the sun apparently does ‘is “, and is essential for bone development and strengthening. But it also has the ability to help counteract depression, their neuro-muscles, infections and febrile states. Needless to say, therefore, that the more you stay indoors, the more this damages your health, which is why when this is inevitable or due to force majeure it is good to rely on supplements of this vitamin.
Speaking in detail about which products to choose for the right protection against the sun, I would like to recommend the Bioderma Photoderm line. All of their products are free from parabens, phthalates and formaldehyde.
The tanning spray with 50+ protection stimulates and intensifies the natural tan, prolongs it and protects it down to the DNA level. While the after-sun milk moisturizes and soothes the skin, preventing aging and reducing the sensation of heat.
Water, as seen previously, is essential both to drink and to quench the skin from the outside. Here then is the thermal water, perhaps that of Avène, becomes a must to always carry in your bag. Moreover, the same soothes itching and irritation, as well as giving the skin a feeling of freshness.
Last to the waterproof eye pencil by Nyx Professional Makeup, not to go unnoticed even on the beach!
Highly pigmented, it’s possible to choose from a vast range of colors and, moreover, it’s resistant to water, rubbing and fading for 36 hours!




17 thoughts on “Tips for Proper Sun Exposure

  1. Great advice. As someone who doesn’t see the sun that often, I always forget about sun protection. It’s always a surprise when the sun finally makes an appearance here in Ireland, and I never seem to have the right equipment on hand.

  2. I love to walk early mornings and believe that the sun rays during those times are much safer than those past 9 am. Those are some great tips and will keep them all in mind.

  3. I’m very pale but I love the beach, so sun protection is so important for me. I didn’t know that vitamin supplements and hydration can also help with sun protection – that will help me remember to take my vitamins and hydrate!

  4. Since we moved to our new home, I have been spending more time out in the sun – in the mornings, between 8 am to 10 am. It is invigorating! Plus of course the fact that I get my daily dose of Vitamin D. During the times of day when the sun is at its peak, I just stay indoors. If I have to go out, I do apply sunscreen and a wide rimmed hat to keep the sun out of my face and nape.

  5. This is so important as the sun may seem fab but we do need to make sure that we have protected our skin correctly from the rays x

  6. This was such an interesting read. I’ve always known to protect myself from the rays of the sun coming from above. I have never thought about it reflecting off of surfaces, though!

  7. Perfect timing for this post and I love the relevant detail you have included here. It is always much better for people to protect themselves when they have more detailed information behind the reason, so to ensure they continue to be consistent in doing the right thing. Let’s all have a great summer!

  8. I have recently been diagnosed with Vitilago so using SPF is crusial for me, I start every day with an SPF 50 in my face and then I go over all the spots that people usualy get Vitilago on – just to be on the safe side. On the rest of my body I use SPF30 🙂

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