In the last period, nails have become the last frontier of beauty with permanent or semi-permanent gel treatments, but still appreciated with traditional nail polish. Whether they are long, short, rounded, pointed or square, they take center stage!
However how to take care of it? How to recognize any problems? How to know what really contains what we put above it? Here are tips and ideas to always have them in order!
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The Supplements

Nails like hair are made up of proteins (keratin), vitamins and mineral salts. When you suffer from a lack of one or more of them, then your nails they begin to weaken, flake and crack.
There are supplements in the form of emulsions, based on lipids, water and cystine that create a sort of shield on the nail protecting it from contact with external agents. Others are gels with an exfoliating, smoothing or polishing action.
There are also oral supplements that in capsules or tablets are made up of a mix of mineral salts (iron, calcium, sulfur and copper), vitamins (A, E, B5) and amino acids.

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Nail Health: Alterations and Problems

This part of the body, like any other, can get sick and present alternations that are the alarm bells of various types of problems.

  • Coloring

Leukonychia: shows small white spots that can be a symptom of trauma, psoriasis or superficial mycosis. However, if the lamina has a milky appearance, it could be a symptom of systemic disease or side effects of some therapy that affects the immune system.
Melanonychia: the nail has spots in brownish stripes and are normally caused by an accumulation of melanin. They appear on one finger or more and are caused by trauma, medication, chronic illness or infection.
Black: this color is usually caused by a hematoma under the nail or by pigments of external origin, drugs or fungal infections.
Green: when it tends to this color, the nail could suffer from the infection called Pseudomonas aeruginosa and is also normally associated with inflammation of the surrounding tissues of the hand.
Red: a widespread redness is mainly due to an underlying hemorrhage in the nail following an acute trauma. Point-like or linear red areas, on the other hand, can be associated with chronic trauma, psoriasis or chronic diseases.
Yellow: who has a nail of this color is because he suffers from mycosis or psoriasis, alternatively the color may be due to smoke, nail polishes and some drugs.

  • Consistency

Fragile: those who have nails in this way suffer from flaking of the same and the causes can be age, trauma, water, detergents, chemicals, but also some pathologies such as psoriasis, lichen planus or drugs.
Hardened: the increase in nail consistency is often due to both congenital and acquired causes such as psoriasis, lichen planus and some circulatory disorders.
Pitting: it happens to observe small depressions on the surface of the nail, these occur in the presence of psoriasis, lichen planus, eczema and repeated microtraumatism.
Longitudinal streaks: are physiologically present furrows on the nails which however appear more pronounced, they may indicate nail aging or be the consequence of some dermatological and rheumatological pathologies.

The Nobea brand offers many products for nail care. In detail, I chose the set Diamond Strength as I suffer from brittle nails.
The formulation contains diamond powder for regenerated and fortified nails, all stimulating their growth.

Nail Polishes

There are many types from colorful to healing, but how many can say they really know what they contain?
Their composition is generally represented by a mix of nitrocellulose and butyl acetate. The other components include resins and plasticizers: the first component defines their adhesion and strength and the second defines their flexibility.
To this are added pigments and pearling agents for the chromatic effects and the various shades, thickeners and gelling agents to prevent them from drying inside the bottle, UV stabilizers to prevent color alteration when exposed to sunlight. .
A dispassionate advice is to make sure they do not contain, where possible, these ingredients:
toluene: its concentration must always be less than 25% within a product;
formaldehyde: which could cause irritation and dermatitis. It can only be used in nail hardeners in a concentration not exceeding 5%;
DBP (dibutyl-phthalate): is a plasticizer banned by the European Union and in fact now almost completely disappeared within the INCI of the products.
Always relying on Nobea I bought the colors “Pink Rosé” and “LadyBug Red” of the Day-to-Day line for a quick and easy to apply gel effect, as well as long lasting.