Muscle aches are a topic shared by a large part of the world population. Housewives, workers, the elderly, etc… each type of pain that afflicts them derives from different factors. What situations cause such pains? How to distinguish them? But above all how to counter them? How to take care of it properly? With today’s article we will try to answer this question.
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The types of contractions
Before talking about the various types of muscle pain existing, associated with the various situations or age groups, it’s important to understand how many and which types of contractions exist:
– it’s concentric when the muscle shortens and brings the bony segments closer to it, thus allowing movement;
– is isometric when the muscle, while working, doesn’t shorten and doesn’t cause a movement of the joint heads between them;
– is eccentric when the muscle doesn’t shorten or remain the same length, but even stretches.
The elderly, most of all, is the one who complains of pain. The same are mostly addressed to the bones, because there may actually be a problem of osteoarthritis due to age, but we must think that aging also involves the muscular system.
Exercise develops the muscles and even if a phrase is made it’s a universal truth. It’s therefore important to carry it out because the scarcity of the same causes sarcopenia (muscle weakening). This is because, once the precarious threshold of the bearable load has been exceeded, the muscle pains begin and persist, affecting life in the Third Age.
Housewives and Workers
Another typical pain that housewives often complain about is that of the kidneys. This is to indicate the area on the sides of the spine (the paravertebral muscles) that become inflamed in the face of incorrect postures. These are analgesic contractures that must be fought with homonymous and muscle relaxant therapies.
Even those who are professional drivers or spend a lot of time on a car suffer from these pains. In this case, the weak muscle structure, especially at the abdominal level, is unable to support the spine. Consequently, the same reacts in a prolonged contraction, which stiffens the whole area and causes pain that can be acute (the classic “witch shot”) or deaf.
The non-pharmaceutical remedy is simple: a short period of bed rest and a strengthening of the abdominals + an extension of the back muscles.
These problems are mainly associated with sedentary people.
By definition, muscle pain from exercise is perhaps the most common problem. The blame for these pains has always been attributed to lactic acid, however research has shown that after a few tens of minutes from the end of the effort there is no trace in the blood and muscles of the same. So who is to blame for these pains? Americans identify it with the abbreviation DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness).
The intense physical exercise or with the use of high overloads, causes a series of small damages which, adding together, cause the notorious pain which, as previously said, appears late.
In the event of the appearance of the DOMS it’s advisable not to continue working on the muscle group in which this discomfort occurred, but possibly focus on another. Better yet to take some rest.